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Toothed Whales

Dolphins

Dolphins are part of the toothed whale suborder.

There are about 65 different species of toothed whales. Toothed whales, including all dolphins and porpoises, have teeth, only one blowhole (baleen whales have two) and are generally smaller than most baleen whales. The only toothed whale longer than 13 metres is the sperm whale (they can measure up to 18 metres).

Toothed whales are hunters. They find, chase and then capture prey (fish, squid, crabs, starfish, and other ocean creatures) with their teeth. Once captured, the prey is swallowed whole.

Toothed whales find their food using echolocation. It works as a navigation system and can detect objects, such as fish, in the water. The whale sends out signals, called “ultrasounds” from its nasal passage. The signals bounce or “echo” off objects, then return to the whale, giving a clear “sound-picture” of the objects’ size, shape and location.

Fast Fact :

Killer whalesDespite their names, the long-finned pilot whale and the killer whale or orca, aren’t really whales, they’re dolphins.


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Photograph of killer whales © Copyright 2001, Cetacean Society International, Inc.

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